Winners of the Inter Circle U. Prize 2022

Manon Bajard – Vikings

About the project

Manon Bajard is a researcher in sedimentology, soil and paleoclimate at the University of Oslo. Her research focus on socio-environmental dynamics and climate changes during the Holocene. She uses lake sediments to reconstruct past climate and environmental changes to understand how societies responded to climate changes in the past.

Ingar M. Gundersen is an archaeologist from the University of Oslo, working on the vulnerability of society of the inlands of eastern Norway in the Iron Age. He wrote a PhD thesis about the “Fimbulwinter” hypothesis, analysing and interpreting archaeological records, as well as proxy modelling (radiocarbon dates) and GIS simulations of cereal growth conditions to downscale volcano-climate-society impacts and processes to the local sites.

Manon and Ingar’s ICUP-winning project, VIKINGS: Volcanic Eruptions and Their Impacts on Climate, Environment, and Viking Society aims to understand the role of volcanic eruptions and climate change in shaping the early history of Scandinavia from 500 to 1250 AD. VIKINGS combines high-resolution (sub-annual to decadal) paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental reconstructions (analysis of ice cores, lake sediments and tree rings) with archaeological record analysis and earth system climate modelling to gain unprecedented insights into the dust veil triggered by volcanic eruptions and better understand the resulting socio-environmental dynamics in the historical period.

Robert Arlinghaus – Towards Sustainable Fisheries

About the project

Robert Arlinghaus is a professor of integrative fisheries management at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin and the Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries.

Together with his team, he studies fisheries, specifically recreational fisheries, from an inter- and transdisciplinary perspective focusing on the impact of fisheries on fish stocks and the feedbacks of ecological changes on fisher communities as coupled social-ecological systems. He is coordinator of the project “Towards Sustainable Fisheries”, in which solutions for sustainable inland and coastal fisheries were developed in joint collaboration with local and regional stakeholders. The scientific studies proceed from an interdisciplinary perspective asking fundamental ecological and socio-economic questions about how the human-environment interaction functions. On top, the projects regularly involve stakeholder in the co-design and co-development of management solutions through joint experimentation at the scale of exploited lakes.

Barbara McGillivray – The Language of Mechanisation

About the project

Barbara McGillivray is lecturer in digital humanities and cultural computation at King’s College London and Turing fellow at The Alan Turing Institute. Her research focusses on computational models of meaning and conceptual change in historical and contemporary texts and she is Co-Investigator of the Living with Machines project.

Her ICUP-winning project, “The Language of Mechanisation” realises an experiment in radically interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary collaboration at the intersection between history, computational linguistics, data science, library science and research software engineering. The project aims to leverage the potential of historical digitised records at scale, particularly the British Newspapers Archive, to analyse the impact of mechanisation on the lives of ordinary people during Britain’s rapid transformation into an industrial society.